Accedi al corso

About the PhD Programme

The LEES phd: Law Ethics and Economics of the instutions for sustainable development

An international research community committed to sustainability
The International PhD Programme in Law, Ethics & Economics for Sustainability (LEES) aims at the creation of a worldwide interdisciplinary research community that shares a commitment to the goals of sustainability.
Such a community will be devoted to promote an interdisciplinary, integrated research approach to global concerns, able to foster a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological innovation, the model of economic development and organization, and the consequent institutional change, are all made consistent with future as well as present needs of humankind, granting self-determination, equal treatment and social justice to each of its members, being as well compatible with the preservation of the ecosystem.

A research program
Sustainability requires fundamental changes in the legal, economic policy, and institutional framework. In fact, notwithstanding the wide consensus on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Goals, many powerful governmental and corporate actors disclaim responsibility for their attainment. The enormity of the problem justifies an interdisciplinary research programme on the institutions and the multilevel governance systems for sustainable development, based on the interdisciplinary interaction among law, normative ethics, and the economic analysis of individual, strategic and collective decision-making processes. The principle of Rule of Law already establishes that fundamental rights cannot be fully overridden for economic stability reasons, and stresses the unacceptability of phenomena of discrimination and inequality. But sustainability, and especially the affirmation of responsibility for the prevention of global warming and climate change, still asks for the elaboration of new general normative views of social welfare, fully able to incorporate the inter-generational dimension of human well-being. At the same time, these views should answer the problems and trade-offs of inter-generational and global justice in the distribution among peoples of different nations of the costs and benefits of sustainability. Any solution, however, would be illusory if it does not at the same time consider the problems of infra-generational social justice, in an age of explosive increase of unacceptable inequalities, especially in developed countries.
A new and deeper understanding of the ideas of justice will lead to a wide inquiry, both comparative and de jure condendo, on the institutions for sustainability. This involves, among others aspects, the role of international organizations and public regulation, and poses the basic question whether the separation that shields institutions and organizations operating in the sphere of market relations from the claims of social and distributive justice should not be crossed. Subjects that then come under scrutiny are (for example) the access to the economic exploitation of innovation (intellectual property rights), the distribution to stakeholders of corporate residual control rights and their participation in corporate governance, the limits imposed to property rights by the recognition of stakeholders’ capabilities and positive freedoms, the democratic self-governance of common pool resources (local and global), infrastructures, public services and knowledge all seen as common goods. Sustainability goals (such as the fight against unacceptable inequalities, poverty and environmentally irresponsible practices) and human rights can also be pursued by innovative legal practices, such as strategic litigation aimed at promoting institutional change that has significant impact not only on court’s decisions, but on collective deliberation.
Resort to economic analysis - both the perspective of the theory of choice and behavioral/experimental economics - in the research programme for the institutions of sustainability provides a better understanding of the collective (social and public) choice mechanisms that satisfy not only the requirements of efficiency, but also postulates of justice, and can then be used for designing institutions based on rational acceptance. At the same time, economic analysis permits to predict whether and when equilibria evolve from strategic interaction, which may be understood as the emergence of self-supporting norms that give stability to sustainability institutions. The latter, then, may provide incentives inducing agents to converge to behaviours consistent with sustainability principles. A joint approach of ethics and behavioural economics to the analysis of institutions, however, suggests that impartial deliberative procedures and fair collective agreements may retro-act on the individuals’ motivations, and can in this manner elicit preferences and beliefs that support voluntary adhesion to sustainability principles and may also support responsible behavior.

Interdisciplinary research
Consistently with the idea of a research program on the institutions for sustainability, the PhD programme will integrate different fields of research – Ethics, Law and Economics, but also political theory and political economy, environmental sciences, and social sciences related to sustainability – in a broad philosophical approach. The aim is to break the unnecessary boundaries between related disciplines, reconnecting research with practice, and examining in depth the current capabilities, limitations, strength and weaknesses of each discipline. Ultimately, the goal is to pursue innovative results at the frontiers of research where unsolved problems ask for interdisciplinary approaches and contributions.

Research lines

1) RETHINKING LEGAL, ETHICAL AND ECONOMIC APPROACHES TO SUSTAINABILITY
Subfields:
- Understanding, in the age of global and national inequality, the dimensions and dynamics of inequalities as well as their driving forces
- The impact of environmental issues on international inequalities
- Social rights and social inequalities
- Gender (in) equality
- Age, ethnic, racial and religious discriminations
- Populism VS deliberation and the quest for self-determination
- Democratic process in times of change: deliberation, participation and new technologies
- Federalism and conflicts in multilevel contexts and in pluralist societies
- How to go beyond traditional approaches to welfare policies in order to fight growing inequalities; pre-distribution in place of re-distribution, the role of education and that of distribution of property on wealth, and residual control rights on assets
- Should the Constitutional contract (as understood in constitutional political economy) incorporate principles of justice concerning the distribution of residual control rights in corporate governance?
- The impact of both financial markets and international monetary bodies on the internal margin of manoeuvre and democratic choices of economic management
- Democracy and global inequality: the relationship between counter-democratic ideologies, legal reforms and political/social/economic processes (at the domestic and global levels) and the lasting ramifications of the 2008 economic crisis
- The ethics of tax competition after the 2008 financial crisis: rethinking sovereignty for a sustainable system of international tax relations

2) SOCIAL JUSTICE, GLOBAL AND INTER/INTRA-GENERATIONAL JUSTICE AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE
Subfields:

- Global Justice in face of growing inequalities in developing and developed countries in respect of technological innovations, control of capital and property rights.
- New perspectives on Justice: an emerging “Sustainable Justice” principle?
- Non-state non-judicial grievance mechanisms: the compatibility of internal complaints processes within businesses with international human rights law
- The right to an effective remedy
- Alternatives determination of disputes and justice
- Addressing the Risks of Inequality of Arms and Power Imbalance
- Environmental Justice
- Inter-generational and intra-generational justice

3) NEW PERSPECTIVES IN THE THEORIES OF JUSTICE
Subfields:

- Can international law be shaped according the ideal of global justice?
- New methods in the theory of justice; behavioural and experimental justice and their meaning for the realism of justice
- What is the subject matter of justice? Distribution of welfare, resources, capabilities and functioning, autonomy, responsibility or consideration?
- Their measurement as bases for social choice, constitutional and post-Constitutional contracts; the rank of principles such as equality, needs, merits and contribution



4) SHARED SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR JUSTICE:
subfield:
- How to overcome the lack of individual incentive in contributing to the implementation of global commitments for sustainable developments? The theories of shared intentions, conjoint action, deliberation, agreements and we thinking
- The (economic psychology) cognitive dimension of joint action: framing and belief formation, reasoning and mutual simulations of minds.
- Multilevel forms of governance for implementing shared responsibility.

5) INSTITUTIONAL AND NON-INSTITUTIONAL ACTORS IN THE SUSTAINABILITY NETWORK
Subfields:

- Assuring HRs compliance by the UN, NATO; EU; COE; WTO, WB an d IMF
- Transnational Crimes as Obstacle to Sustainability
- The role of private economic agents (corporations and others) in supporting Sustainable Development.
- The role played by NGOs, non-profit organizations and civil society in the promotion of sustainable developments (social capital creation, networks) and their relations with local economies and multinational corporations
- The institutional and behavioural explanation of NGOs; non-self-interested behaviour as “the future” of law &economics
- Bringing non-state actors under the sway of international law
- Models of stakeholder corporate governance for Socially responsible and Sustainable Corporations and the different models in enhancing reducing income and wealth inequality
- New Forms of Ecological Corporate Governance

6) ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Subfields:
- Ecology, Technology and Private Law
- The Economics of International Environmental Agreements in the Quest of Sustainability.
- Implications of behavioural environmental law and economics

- The Erga Omnes States’ obligations in respect of the natural Local and Global Environment
- Fairness, Stability and Weakness of Private Incentives for International Environmental Agreements. How to Ensure their Intra/Inter-Generational Fairness; avoiding the Free-Riding Problem in ex Ante Agreements as Bargaining and Cooperative Game and ex Post Interaction
- Non-Cooperative Games the Nations and Private Economic Agents play separately.
- The Evolution of State Contracts on the Use of Natural Resources signed by the Developing Countries
- Sustainable Oceans
- Climate Change and Sustainability
- Collaborative behaviours & alliancing as efficient tools for enhancing environmental targets


7) POLITICAL ECONOMY AND PUBLIC CHOICE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Subfields:
- Democracy in the face of globalization, the role of nation States and international institutions.
- How to go beyond traditional approaches to welfare policies in order to fight growing inequalities; pre-distribution in place of re-distribution, the role of education and that of distribution of property on wealth, and residual control rights on assets.
- The constitutional political economy of sustainable development: Should the constitutional contract incorporate more fairness concerning the distribution of ownership and residual decision rights?
- Accountability and rule of law concerns as indispensable features of democracy and Sustainable Development


8) INSTITUTIONS AND GOVERNANCE OF THE COMMONS
Subfields:

- The Commons: the problem of qualification and the different types of commons
- Cultural and Intellectual Commons
- The protection of Knowledge Commons from commodification: the necessity to revisit the current regime of Intellectual Property Rights
- “Common pool resources” and their governance.
- Local and global commons and the problem of multilevel governance (local, national, regional, global).
- Institutional models of self-governance for physical and knowledge infrastructures for the commons.

9) SOCIAL NORMS AND SUSTAINABILITY.
Subfields:

- Do social norms support sustainable development? Fair and unfair social norms (egalitarian vs discriminatory, responsible vs. unsustainable etc.).
- Community values and practices of sharing
- Sociology of development
- Collective choice and cognitive mechanism activating agreement and conformity to social norms
- Social conflict and sustainable means of dispute resolution
- Game theoretical models of social norms emergence, selection and conformity


10) CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.
Subfields:

- Business and Human Rights
- The role Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and/or Corporate Environmental Responsibility (CER) can play in stimulating Sustainable Development
- Stakeholder vs. shareholder models of corporate governance for socially responsible and sustainable corporations. The role of different CG models in enhancing or reducing income and wealth inequality
- Instrumental vs constitutive view of corporate responsibility, the social contract of the firm amongst its stakeholders as a bargaining game and the redefinition of the “social interest” and the objective function
- Is corporate governance part of the social contract and the idea of justice? The contribution to CG and CSR coming from the capability approach
- Mandatory law, soft law and self-regulation through charters, bylaw, code of ethics, and management standards for sustainability
- Classical, evolutionary and behavioural game models for the explanation of the emergence and stability of sustainable collective mental models (frames) of corporate governance.
- The role of Tax Control Framework as outlined by the OECD soft law within Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility, for a sustainable relationship between corporate taxpayers and Tax Administrations towards a fair international tax system.

11) INNOVATION TECHNOLOGIES AND SUSTAINABILITY

Subfields:
- The Sustainability of Cyberspace
- The Digital Commons
- Legal issues related to the use of Big Data
- Technological innovations: new rights and their impact on the principle of equality and non-discrimination
- Big Data, Sustainable Development and Human Rights
- Blockchain as tool for Sustainability. Risks and Challenges
- The Smart Contracts
- Robotics and AI: legal, ethical and economic questions
- The emergence of global ‘data economy’ and the incidence on democratic regimes
- For a sustainable taxation of the digitalised economy: targeted or system-wide reform?

12) HUMAN RIGHTS AND STRATEGIC LITIGATION
Subfields:

- Human rights between universal value and local implementation: a research on the inherent tension of human rights protection
- Towards a sustainable protection of fundamental rights of taxpayers under international tax law and the related international tax litigation
- Strategic Litigation networks’ structure, methodology and effectiveness
- Strategic Litigation in comparative perspective
- Procedural mechanisms of Strategic Litigation
- Socio-legal aspects of Strategic Litigation
- Systematic pattern of cross-referencing
- Impact of Strategic Litigation on the judge: reasoning, dissenting opinions
- Fundamental rights, Sustainable development and Strategic Litigation
- Strategic Litigation and social justice: Public ethics, public reasoning and the justification of strategic litigation objectives
- Strategic choice and Strategic Litigation
- How strategic litigation impact on collective choices mechanisms
- Environmental rights and strategic litigation

News

Call for application closed

The Call for application XXXVII cycle (a.y.2021/2022) is closed.

The selection committee has been published here: https://unimibox.unimi.it/index.php/s/7PwG4czonPmg4dw

Important dates

- 9 September 2021: the selection committee meets for the qualification assessment.

The assessment outcome will be posted to the University website by the interview start date, with the exam procedures, the calendar with interview dates and times, and the title of the candidate’s project.

- 15 / 16 September 2021: online interviews.

Online posting is equivalent to a notice to the persons concerned.

Calendar

Faculty

Doctoral Board

Programme coordinator: Lorenzo Sacconi, Full Professor of Economic Policy (Economic Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility), Dipartimento di Diritto Pubblico Italiano e Sovranazionale, Università degli Studi di Milano;
President of the Board of the Italian Society of Law & Economics; and Director of EconomEtica, inter-university center of research, University Milano Bicocca.

A. Baraggia, Milan ITA, Assistant Professor of Comparative Public Law;
S. Baric, Rijeka HRV, Associate Professor, Chair of Constitutional Law;
C. Bicchieri, U Penn USA, Professor of Social Thought and Comparative Ethics; Professor of Philosophy and Psychology; Professor of Legal Studies,
S. Bojanic, Rijeka HRV, Professor and Vice-Dean for International Relations;
A. Bonfanti, Milan ITA, Associate Professor of International Law;
G. Carullo, Milan ITA, Assistant Professor of Administrative Law;
E. Chiappero, Pavia ITA, Full Professor of Political Economy;
L. Cominelli, Milan ITA, Assistant Professor of Sociology of Law;
L. Crema, Milan ITA, Assistant Professor of International Law;
I. M. E. D’Amico, Milan ITA, Full Professor of Constitutional Law;
S. De Colle, IESEG Lille FRA, Associate Professor of Business Ethics & Strategy;
M. Faure, Maastricht NED, Professor of Comparative and International Environmental Law, Academic Director Maastricht European institute for Transnational Legal Research, Academic Director of Ius Commune Research School;
G. Grimalda, Kiel Institute for the World Economy GER, Senior researcher;
S. Hargreaves Heap, King’s College UK, Professor of Political Economy;
M. Khadjavi, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam NED, Associate Professor of Economics, Kiel Institute GER, Senior Researcher;
I. Kunda, Rijeka HRV, Associate Professor, Chair of European and International Private Law;
G. Marino, Milan ITA, Professor of Theory & Practice International Tax Law;
C. Nardocci, Milan, ITA, Assistant Professor of Constitutional Law;
I. Pellizzone, Milan ITA, Associate Professor of Constitutional Law;
G. Peroni, Milan ITA, Associate Professor of International Law;
C. Pitea, Milan ITA, Associate Professor of International Law;
C. Ragni, Milan ITA, Associate Professor of International Law;
M. Ricciardi, Milan ITA, Full Professor of Philosophy of Law;
R. Ruffini, Milan, ITA, Full Professor of Business Organization;
S. Valaguzza, Milan ITA, Full Professor of Administrative Law;
L. Violini, Milan ITA, Full Professor of Constitutional Law.

Scientific Council

Basu Kaushik, Cornell, Professor of Economics and Carl Marks Professor of International Studies
Bicchieri Cristina, Upenn, Professor of Social Thought and Comparative Ethics; Professor of Philosophy and Psychology; Professor of Legal Studies
Blair Margaret, Vanderbilt, Milton R. Underwood Chair in Free Enterprise
Boschiero Nerina, Unimi, Full Professor of International law; Dean of the Faculty of Law
Broome John, Oxford, Emeritus White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy
Deketelaere Kurt, Sustainability College Bruges, Secretary General LERU
Denozza Francesco, Unimi, Emeritus Professor of Commercial law
Donaldson Thomas, Upenn, Wharton College, Professor of Legal Studies & Business Ethics
Frances-Gomez Pedro, Granada, Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Granada
Freeman Edward, Virginia, Darden school, Professor of Business Administration
Hargreaves Heap Shaun, King's College, Professor of Political Economy
Kunda Ivana, Rijeka, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of International and European Private Law
Leader Sheldon, Essex, Professor, School of Law; Director of the Essex Business and Human Rights Project
Maskarin Ribaric Helga, Rijeka, Full Professor, Vice Dean for Science and Professional Activities at the Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality management
Masten Scott, Michigan, Professor of Business Economics and Public Policy
Mattei Ugo, Unito; California, Hastings College of the Law, Professor of Civil Law (Unito); Alfred and Hanna Fromm Chair of International and Comparative Law (Hastings)
Pistor Katharina, Columbia, Professor of Comparative Law; Director, Center on Global Legal Transformation
Sorlini Claudia, Unimi, Emeritus Professor of Agriculturar Microbiology
van Calster Geert, Ku Leuven, Full Professor, Faculty of Law; Head of the Department of International and EU law
van Rikswick Marleen, Utrecht University, Professor of European and Dutch Water Law and is director of Utrecht Universty Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law

Giunta

Lorenzo Sacconi [Coordinatore]
Angelica Bonfanti
Luigi Cominelli
Enrica Chiappero Martinetti
Luigi Crema
Irene Pellizzone
Sara Valaguzza

Tutors for PhD Students


PhD candidates XXXV cycle (2019-2022)

Esteban Arcos
esteban.arcos@unimi.it
Democracy, Justice and Temporality.

Eleonora Ciscato
eleonora.ciscato@unimi.it
Environmental Collective Goods or Rights? Notions and Protections. Navigating multi-level conflicting landscapes.

Andy Finette
patrick.finette@unimi.it
Formalising Bicchieri’s theory of Social Norms, under Uncertainty.

Joanna Hartmann
joanna.hartmann@unimi.it
Strategic Litigation for women’s rights in the area of employment rights.

Costanza Rizzetto
costanza.rizzetto@unimi.it
“The right to take part in cultural life”: enhancing the collective dimension of the right to have access to cultural heritage and the protection of collective cultural goods.

Ricieri Vidal Marchi
ricieri.vidal@unimi.it
Legal Frameworks fostering Innovation for Sustainability.

PhD candidates XXXVI cycle (2020-2023)

Anna Andreyeva
anna.andreyeva@unimi.it
The development of the EU external migration policy with the focus on the role of development aid conditionality in cooperation with non-European countries on return and readmission.

Giulia Botta
giulia.botta@unimi.it
Public Procurement and Human Rights: a Challenge for States, International Organizations and Corporations to Advance Sustainable Development.

Paolo Gambatesa
paolo.gambatesa@unimi.it
‘Double Prejudice’ Constitutional and European: Where is Headed the Integrated Protection of Fundamental Rights?

Pietro Ghirlanda
pietro.ghirlanda@unimi.it
The Injustice of the Platform Economy: the Capability Approach Re-examined.

Sara Lorenzini
sara.lorenzini@unimi.it
Law, ethics and economics for a sustainable governance of forests as global commons and the recognition of indigenous capabilities as a basis of delegation of a governance role.

Maximillian Roch
maximillian.roch@unimi.it
An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Political Influence of Zambia’s Mining Sector.

Courses

Programmazione didattica del primo anno 2021/22 37°ciclo

(Plan of courses, for the first year 2021/22 of the PhD Programme edition 2020-2023)

BASIC COURSES ON TOOLS:
1) Introduction to social science research and qualitative methods,
IUS/20, 3 CFU (18 hours)

2) Introduction to legal research,
IUS/13, 3 CFU (21 hours)

3) Statistics and Econometrics for the analysis of growth and development,
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours)


ADVANCED COURSES:
4) Theories of Justice,

IUS/20, 3 CFU (16 hours)

5) Games, economic behavior and institutions for sustainability,
SECS-P/02, 5 CFU (30 hours)

6) Human Rights, Justice and Future,
IUS/08 & IUS/21, 2 CFU (10 hours)

7) The environmental, social and economic dimensions of human development: a research agenda,
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours)

8) Transportation and Climate Change: land use, transit, e-mobility, and zero-emission vehicles law and policy,
IUS/10, 2 CFU (10 hours)

9) Business, Human Rights and Sustainable Development,
IUS/13, 3 CFU (15 hours)

10) Comparative corporate law: shareholder value vs stakeholder approach,
IUS/04, 3 CFU (16 hours)

Courses First Year (a.y 2020/21 36th cycle)

BASIC COURSES ON TOOLS:
1) Introduction to social science research and qualitative methods
IUS/20, 3 CFU (18 hours), starts in November, 2020
Responsible: Luigi Cominelli
The course has as objectives: stimulate awareness of the methodological problems and obstacles that scientific research in general and social research in particular must face in the investigation of phenomena; provide a complete overview on the main research methods of social sciences; stimulate a multidisciplinary approach to the analysis and prediction of social phenomena; provide insight into the main qualitative research methods (ethnographic, interview, observation); provide insight into some of the methods that best lend themselves to interdisciplinary research (psychological experiments, agent based modelling).

2) Introduction to legal research
IUS/13, 3 CFU (21 hours), starts in November, 2020
Responsible: Luigi Crema
The course aims at providing the students with the necessary basic knowledge to understand a legal system, its functioning, and to carry out a legal research. At the end of the course students will be able to distinguish between law and advocacy, will know how to interpret the sources of a given legal system, and will be familiar with the most relevant resources and database.

3) Statistics and Econometrics for the analysis of growth and development
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours), starts in March, 2021
Responsible: Enrica Chiappero
The module is aimed to provide basic of statistics and econometrics, measuring and tracking inequalities, measuring development from a multidimensional perspective, linkages between growth, development and inequalities, measuring the role of institutions.


ADVANCED COURSES:
4) Theories of Justice
IUS/20, 3 CFU (16 hours), starts in May, 2021
Responsible: Mario Ricciardi
The origins of public ethics (Rousseau, Helvetius and Beccaria), Bentham's Utilitarianism. Contemporary developments: the theories of justice of Rawls and Nozick. Justice, scarcity and sustainability.

5) Games, economic behavior and institutions for sustainability
SECS-P/02, 5 CFU (30 hours), starts in February, 2021
Responsible: Lorenzo Sacconi, Virginia Cecchini Manara
The course aims at giving an introduction to game theory and economic behavior, from basic definitions to more advanced developments in repeated games and behavioral and experimental game with inferences for the study of institutions (part 1), and then it will present (part 2) recent research streams on the game theoretical analysis of institutions related to the idea of social contract understood as a basis for the normative design of institutions, solution of the equilibrium selection problem; and compliance and conformity to norm problems in a perspective of behavioral game theory; perspectives or research will also be given on the governance of the commons as a field of application.

6) Human Rights, Justice and Future
IUS/08 & IUS/21, 2 CFU (10 hours), starts in April, 2021
Responsible: Lorenza Violini, Marilisa D’Amico
Through an investigation of the concept of human rights, the course attempts to provide PhD students with the tools for a better understanding of the complexity and controversies that surround their protection in the perspective of intergenerational solidarity and justice.
The case-law analysis of the main national and regional Courts involved in the topic will allow students to engage in the challenges that are nowadays faced towards the path to the goal of Human Rights protection in a long-term perspective.

7) The environmental, social and economic dimensions of human development: a research agenda
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours)
Responsible: Enrica Chiappero, Nadia Von Jacobi
The course aims to discuss the key conceptual and methodological issues and the challenges associated to a research agenda on human sustainable development, with special attention to institutions, social (in)equality and empowerment.

8) Transportation and Climate Change: land use, transit, e-mobility, and zero-emission vehicles law and policy
IUS/10, 2 CFU (10 hours), starts in May, 2021
Responsible: Sara Valaguzza, Ethan Elkind
This course will examine law and policy options to reduce emissions from the transportation sector. It will first identify common sources of these emissions around the world and successful technologies and practices to reduce them. It will then analyze example jurisdictions in the US, EU and East Asia, among other places, to highlight lessons learned for global action.

9) Business, Human Rights and Sustainable Development
IUS/13, 3 CFU (15 hours), starts in June, 2021
Responsible: Angelica Bonfanti
The course aims at analyzing the relevant international legal framework concerning the regulation of corporate behaviour and its impact on human rights protection and sustainable development. To this extent, the course does not only deal with theoretical legal issues, but also provides specific insights about connected legal issues, such as: tax law, investment protection, public procurement, and the ongoing negotiation of a United Nations treaty on business and human rights. The course aims at examining the relevant legal tools, as well as European, international and domestic case law, applying them to the solution of case studies and developing skills of critical analysis.

10) Comparative corporate law: shareholder value vs stakeholder approach
IUS/04, 3 CFU (16 hours), starts in March, 2021
Responsible: Alessandra Stabilini
The course aims at providing students with an essential knowledge of the most important current topics of debate in company law. The course adopts a comparative perspective and tries to give a broad view of the debate with an international reach.

Courses First Year (a.y 2019/2020, 35th cycle)

BASIC COURSES ON TOOLS:
1) Introduction to social science research and qualitative methods
IUS/20, 3 CFU (18 hours), starts in February, 2020
Responsible: Luigi Cominelli
The course has as objectives: stimulate awareness of the methodological problems and obstacles that scientific research in general and social research in particular must face in the investigation of phenomena; provide a complete overview on the main research methods of social sciences; stimulate a multidisciplinary approach to the analysis and prediction of social phenomena; provide insight into the main qualitative research methods (ethnographic, interview, observation); provide insight into some of the methods that best lend themselves to interdisciplinary research (psychological experiments, agent based modelling).

2)Introduction to legal research
IUS/13, 3 CFU (21 hours), starts in February, 2020
Responsible: Luigi Crema
The course aims at providing the students with the necessary basic knowledge to understand a legal system, its functioning, and to carry out a legal research. At the end of the course students will be able to distinguish between law and advocacy, will know how to interpret the sources of a given legal system, and will be familiar with the most relevant resources and database.

3) Statistics and Econometrics for the analysis of growth and development
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours), starts in May, 2020
Responsible: Enrica Chiappero
The module is aimed to provide basic of statistics and econometrics, measuring and tracking inequalities, measuring development from a multidimensional perspective, linkages between growth, development and inequalities, measuring the role of institutions.


ADVANCED COURSES:
4) Theories of Justice
IUS/20, 3 CFU (16 hours), starts in May, 2020
Responsible: Mario Ricciardi
The origins of public ethics (Rousseau, Helvetius and Beccaria), Bentham's Utilitarianism. Contemporary developments: the theories of justice of Rawls and Nozick. Justice, scarcity and sustainability.

5) Games, economic behavior and institutions for sustainability
SECS-P/02, 5 CFU (30 hours), starts in May, 2020
Responsible: Lorenzo Sacconi & Virginia Cecchini Manara
The course aims at giving an introduction to game theory and economic behavior, from basic definitions to more advanced developments in repeated games and behavioral and experimental game with inferences for the study of institutions (part 1), and then it will present (part 2) recent research streams on the game theoretical analysis of institutions related to the idea of social contract understood as a basis for the normative design of institutions, solution of the equilibrium selection problem; and compliance and conformity to norm problems in a perspective of behavioral game theory; perspectives or research will also be given on the governance of the commons as a field of application.

6) Human Rights, Justice and Future
IUS/08 & IUS/21, 2 CFU (10 hours), starts in May, 2020
Responsible: Lorenza Violini & Marilisa D’Amico
Through an investigation of the concept of human rights, the course attempts to provide PhD students with the tools for a better understanding of the complexity and controversies that surround their protection in the perspective of intergenerational solidarity and justice.
The case-law analysis of the main national and regional Courts involved in the topic will allow students to engage in the challenges that are nowadays faced towards the path to the goal of Human Rights protection in a long-term perspective.

7) The environmental, social and economic dimensions of human development: a research agenda
SECS-P/02, 3 CFU (15 hours), starts in June, 2020
Responsible: Nadia von Jacobi
The course aims to discuss the key conceptual and methodological issues and the challenges associated to a research agenda on human sustainable development, with special attention to institutions, social (in)equality and empowerment.

8) Topics in Environmental Law
IUS/10, 2 CFU (10 hours), starts in June, 2020
Responsible: Ethan Elkind
Title: Transportation and Climate Change: land use, transit, e-mobility, and zero-emission vehicles law and policy. Objectives: This course will examine law and policy options to reduce emissions from the transportation sector. It will first identify common sources of these emissions around the world and successful technologies and practices to reduce them. It will then analyze example jurisdictions in the US, EU and East Asia, among other places, to highlight lessons learned for global action.

9) Business, Human Rights and Sustainable Development
IUS/13, 3 CFU (15 hours), starts in September, 2020
Responsible: Angelica Bonfanti
The course aims at analyzing the relevant international legal framework concerning the regulation of corporate behaviour and its impact on human rights protection and sustainable development. To this extent, the course does not only deal with theoretical legal issues, but also provides specific insights about connected legal issues, such as: tax law, investment protection, public procurement, and the ongoing negotiation of a United Nations treaty on business and human rights. The course aims at examining the relevant legal tools, as well as European, international and domestic case law, applying them to the solution of case studies and developing skills of critical analysis.

10) Comparative corporate law: shareholder value vs stakeholder approach
IUS/04, 3 CFU (16 hours), starts in September, 2020
Responsible: Alessandra Stabilini & Francesco Denozza
The course aims at providing students with an essential knowledge of the most important current topics of debate in company law. The course adopts a comparative perspective and tries to give a broad view of the debate with an international reach.

Seminars

2021 Seminars

21 June 2021
Public Procurement and Human Rights
Deborah Russo, University of Firenze

18 June 2021:
Business, human rights and climate change litigation
Angelica Bonfanti, University of Milan

15 June 2021:
Human Development and Dignity
Paolo Carozza, University of Notre Dame

14 June 2021:
Access to justice and reparation for the victims of modern slavery
Nerina Boschiero, University of Milan

11 June 2021:
Foreign direct investment and human rights protection
Andrea Shemberg, Global Business Initiative on Human Rights

10 June 2021:
Bioethics
Orlando Carter Snead, University of Notre Dame

7 June 2021:
The Culturalization of Human Rights Law
Federico Lenzerini, University of Siena

4 June 2021:
The UN project treaty on business and human rights
Andrea Shemberg, Global Business Initiative on Human Rights

4 June 2021:
Cities, Federalism and Constitutional Law
Erika Arban, University of Melbourne

3 June 2021:
Neutrality as Indifference: Dilemmas of Equality
Yasmine Ergas, Columbia University

1 June 2021:
From Artificial Reproductive Technologies to Surrogacy of Motherhood: Women’s Body in Context
Yasmine Ergas, Columbia University

31 May 2021:
Strategic litigation in the end-of-life decisions: a comparison between Italy and Austria
I. Pellizzone, University of Milan; Dolores Lekaj, Constitutional Court of Austria

28 May 2021:
Institutions as rules in equilibrium
Francesco Guala, University of Milan

27 May 2021:
Emergency and justice. History and theories
Gianfranco Pellegrino, LUISS

26 May 2021:
Conducting interviews
Eugenia Mercuri, University of Turin

5 May 2021:
The role of international courts and the WHO in managing pandemic crisis
Pedro Villareal, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law

27 April 2021:
Corporate Tax Governance as Example of Corporate Social Responsibility
Giuseppe Marino, University of Milan

15 April 2021:
Economic and Financial stability as a global public good and the impact of supranational economic organizations mechanisms on human economic-social rights
Giulio Peroni, University of Milan

8 March 2021:
Offshore wholesale funding and liquidity shocks: evidence from the Euro sovereign debt crisis
Barbara Casu, City University of London

15 February 2021, 2:30 PM:
The professionalisation of international law and its transformation into a commodity
Pierre d’Argent, Faculté de droit de l'université de Louvain

Tuesday 19 January 2021, 2 PM:
Sovereignty Beyond the State
Enzo Cannizzaro, Università La Sapienza di Roma

Monday 18 January 2021, 10 AM:
LAW IN THE TURING CATHEDRAL: Walking the fine line between computation and the legal world
Nicola Lettieri, INAPP - Istituto Nazionale per l'Analisi delle Politiche Pubbliche; Università del Sannio

Friday 15 January 2021, 2.30 PM:
From Euro to Brexit (1999-2020). The Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility in the European Union and a new social compact for sustainability
Germán Granda-Revilla, General Director at Forética.
Pedro Francés-Gómez, Professor, University of Granada, Spain, Department of Philosophy I

2020 Seminars

Monday 30 November 2020:
Distributive Justice in the Lab: Testing the Binding Role of Agreement
Laura Marcon – Universidad de Granada.

29 October, 4 and 11 November 2020:
Behavioral Public Policy
Marco Faillo – University of Trento

29 and 30 September, 1 October 2020:
Three seminars on Competition and Market Institutions
Michele Grillo – Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Friday 25 September 2020:
Behavioural Insights for Better Regulation: the European Commission’s approach
Marianna Baggio – Policy Analyst European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Unit I2 Foresight, Modelling, Behavioural Insights and Design for Policy

Wednesday 23 September 2020:
The UN Project Treaty on Business and Human Rights
Andrea Shemberg – Global Business Initiative on Human Rights

Thursday 17 September 2020:
Foreign Direct Investment and Human Rights Protection
Andrea Shemberg – Global Business Initiative on Human Rights

Wednesday 16 September 2020:
State Responsibility to Protect Human Rights
Marco Fasciglione – CNR -IRISS

Monday 29 June 2020:
Environmental Sustainability
Emanuele Campiglio - Vienna University of Economics and Business - Institute for Ecological Economics; Visiting Fellow at the London School of Economics and Political Science - Grantham Research Institute

Thursday 25 June 2020:
Experimental justice and the test for liberal egalitarianism ex ante (behind the veil) and ex post (beyond the veil)
Giacomo Degli Antoni - University of Parma

Wednesday 17 June 2020:
Human Rights and Strategic Litigation
Suzanne Goldberg - Director of the Law School’s Center for Gender and Sexuality Law and its Sexuality and Gender Law Clinic; First executive vice president for university life, Columbia University

Wednesday 10 June 2020:
How to detect interdependencies among institutional and economic factors: correlation network analysis
Nadia von Jacobi - University of Trento

Friday 5 June 2020:
Transformative Constitutionalism and Economic and Social Rights Remedies
Carlos Bernal Pulido - Constitutional Court of Colombia

Tuesday 26 May 2020:
Comparative Constitution-making
Tom Ginsburg - University of Chicago

Thursday 23 April 2020 :
Content and Discourse Analysis
Marcello Maneri - University of Milan - Bicocca

Friday 3 April 2020:
Preferences for Redistribution: Cross-country Experimental Evidence
Gianluca Grimalda - Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Wednesday 19 February 2020:
The Turn to History in International Law
Martti Koskenniemi - Professor of International Law (University of Helsinki); Director, Erik Castren Institute of International Law and Human Rights

Friday 17 January 2020:
China’s Adaptive Governance along the Belt and Road Initiative
Maria Adele Carrai - Marie Curie Fellow, KU Leuven; Fellow, Harvard University Asia Center; Associate Research Scholar, WEAI Columbia University

Mobility

Leading Universities (Joint-Degree)

University of Milan, Italy
Maastricht University, the Netherlands
Rijeka University, Croatia

Partner Universities (Co-tutelle or Exchange Agreement)

Kiel Institute of International Economics, Germany;
King’s College, UK;
University of Belo Horizonte, Brazil;
University of Essex, UK;
University of Galway, Ireland;
University of Gottingen, Germany;
University of Granada, Spain;
University of Michigan, USA;
University of Minas Gerais, Brazil;
University of Pais Vasco, Spain;
University of Pennsylvania, USA;
University of Toulouse, France.